The Gir ecosystem falls in Bio-geographic Zone-4 (the semi arid) and bio-geographic province 4-B, Gujarat
state is the last paradise of the Asiatic Lion, Panthera leo persica. The Govt. of Gujarat has declared an area of 1421.1 sq.
km as Protected Area (PA) which comprises of 258.7 sq. km as National Park and 1153.4 sq.
km as Sanctuary. Besides this 470.5 sq. km forest area constitutes a buffer Zone as reserve, protected and unclassed forest. Thus, a total area of 1882.6 sq.
km forms Gir forest. Out of a total area of 1882.6 sq. km 1502.7 sq.
km falls in Junagadh District and 379.9 sq. km in Amreli district. The most important aspect of the Gir is that it has become a very stable ecosystem with tremendous regeneration, self-supporting and sustaining power due to its rich and diverse flora and fauna.